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Survey on Employment and Skills

The Survey on Employment and Skills is conducted by the Environics Institute for Survey Research, in partnership with the Future Skills Centre and the Diversity Institute.

It began as a project designed to explore Canadians’ experiences with the changing nature of work, including technology-driven disruptions, increasing insecurity and shifting skills requirements. 

Following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the survey was expanded to investigate the impact of the crisis on Canadians’ employment, earnings and work environments. The project now includes five waves of data collection, from Spring 2020 to Spring 2023. 

Fifth wave survey results

The fifth wave of the study consists of a survey of 5,904 Canadians age 18 and over, conducted between March 1, 2023 and April 3, 2023, in all provinces and territories. It was conducted both online (in the provinces) and by telephone (in the territories). This wave of the survey includes over samples of Canadians living in smaller provinces and territories, those under the age of 34, racialized Canadians and Canadians who identify as Indigenous, in order to provide a better portrait of the range of experiences across the country. The survey results in this report are weighted by age, gender, region, education, racial identity and Indigenous identity, to ensure that they are representative of the Canadian population as whole.

Fourth wave survey results

The fourth wave of the study consists of a survey of 6,604 Canadians age 18 and over, conducted between March 1 and April 18, 2022, in all provinces and territories. It was conducted both online (in the provinces) and by telephone (in the territories). This wave of the survey includes over samples of Canadians living in smaller provinces and territories, those under the age of 34, racialized Canadians and Canadians who identify as Indigenous, in order to provide a better portrait of the range of experiences across the country. The Survey on Employment and Skills has been tracking experiences with working from home since 2020. The latest wave of the survey finds that these experiences have become more positive over the course of the pandemic.

Third wave survey results

The third wave of the survey took place in the Spring of 2021 and consisted of a survey of 5,913 Canadians aged 18 and over conducted between June 1 to June 28, 2021 in all provinces and territories. It was conducted both online (in the provinces) and by telephone (in the territories). The third wave of the survey explores the experiences of younger Canadians because of the structure of the survey sample and reveals how the greater insecurity of younger workers in the labour market translated into a greater likelihood of losing hours of work, becoming unemployed, or losing income as result of the pandemic.

Second wave survey results

The second wave of the survey was conducted between November and December 2020, with a sample of over 5,300 Canadians aged 18 and over. It examined which types of workers have been most adversely affected by the pandemic, with a particular focus on working parents, those living in urban areas with high rates of COVID-19 transmission, younger workers, workers with immigrant backgrounds, and racialized workers.

Initial wave survey results

The initial wave of the survey was conducted between late February and early April 2020.

The Survey on Employment and Skills is funded primarily by the Government of Canada’s Future Skills Centre

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