The effect which occupational regulation can have on skill levels, however, is not necessarily consistent. Forth et al. (2011) report it is heavily contingent on the particular occupation, the type of occupational regulation established and its subsequent design, implementation and governance. Whilst there is evidence of the positive effects of introducing occupational regulation (which increase in likelihood the stricter the form of regulation applied) there is little information on schema design or the motivations for their introduction or amendment. This report addresses some of these gaps and, consequently, the aims of the research were to: Identify the design, implementation and administration/governance factors associated with occupational regulation schemes. Use employer and stakeholder perceptions and existing evidence to explore the impact of occupational regulation. Use employer and stakeholder perceptions and existing evidence to explore the impact of unintended consequences. Examine key stakeholder views of the advantages and disadvantages of occupational regulation and critical success factors. Identify best practice in occupational regulation.