Economic growth that Canada has experienced over the past 50 years has been driven largely by growth in participation rates in the labor market. In 2015, Canada had one of the participation rate in higher labor market of member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). While it is true that our population is now aging and the labor market will increase over the rate at which we were accustomed, Canada still has a strong labor market whose potential remains untapped because the under-representation of a number of demographic groups. Find ways to include a greater number of Canadians to these groups in the labor market would improve their quality of life and their opportunities for success in the economy. These means would implement the promise of inclusive growth in a way that would also improve the general outlook of the economy, and reduce the likelihood that the social safety net of Canada become overloaded.
The Commission has identified four demographic groups for whom an increase in participation to levels “best in class” could have a significant effect on the economy: the indigenous peoples, low-income Canadians, women with young children and Canadians over 55 years. We hope that the federal government intervene to promote inclusive growth by raising the participation rates of the four groups over the coming years. The four groups referred to herein are not intended to represent an exhaustive list. Several other groups face barriers to participation, such as people with disabilities, recent immigrants and young people who are neither students nor employees nor training. Ensure that a greater number of members of these groups get a job is also very important, but we focused on groups whose increased participation in the labor market will have the greatest economic impact, as we believe that the more the economy is dynamic, there are opportunities for all Canadians.
This memo does not consist of a recommendation of a strategic approach rather than another; rather it is a set of general recommendations to help policy makers so that they thoroughly examine the context of existing policy and identify ways to remove barriers to employment. In some cases, the appropriate response would be the implementation of a new policy; in others, the government could simply have to “deviate”, for example by eliminating distortions caused by existing policies that disadvantage employment. The approaches described here are only examples and do not constitute an exhaustive list of strategic options. In addition, it is important to note that policy makers are not the only players in this field: employers, private sector and the public sector, have a role to play in terms of establishing the conditions for a more inclusive participation in the labor market. [googletranslate_en]