This Concept Note is designed to provide policymakers and stakeholders across Europe with an understanding of the key concepts underpinning the relationship between work-based learning and lifelong guidance. The note suggests that lifelong guidance policies reinforce policy goals for workbased learning. Quality lifelong guidance practices support positive work-based learning experiences and contribute to the fulfilment of the different skills agendas of the European Union. In this Concept Note: i. The first and second parts describe the conceptual links between guidance and workbased learning and the policy underpinnings. ii. The second part outlines work-based learning forms across the member countries. iii. The third and final parts discuss the role of lifelong guidance as a service, policy and system to foster better and stronger outcomes at the policy and system level from workbased learning. iv. The final section develops possible future cooperation opportunities between national/ regional lifelong guidance systems and systems of national work-based learning.