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The probability of automation in England: 2011 and 2017

Automation is of increasing importance to society, reflecting that the job market is changing composition. This article describes the methodology used by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) for producing estimates of the probability of automation for 2011 and 2017. We describe previous studies that have examined the impact of automation, before outlining the ONS approach. We present analysis of the probability of automation by demographic variables and highlight the skills and tasks that are at risk of automation within jobs.