This report contributes to the UK Commission’s work to transform the UK’s approach to investing in the skills of people as an intrinsic part of securing jobs and growth. It outlines the performance challenges faced in the Health and Social Care sector, the ‘real-life’ skills solutions implemented by leading and successful businesses to overcome them, and the benefits from doing so. The sector comprises two subsectors; health care and social care. Health care encompasses all hospital activities, medical nursing homes, GP services, specialist medical and dental practices and other human health activities. The social care sector includes residential nursing care, residential nursing facilities, residential care facilities (e.g. for the elderly, children or those with mental health care needs), child day care and non-residential social care.