The aim of the report is to assess the contribution of the ESF to the objectives set out in the New Skills Agenda. The study addresses the following four questions: (1) How do ESF Operational Programmes tackle challenges and objectives identified by the New Skills Agenda, and to what extent is the ESF likely to contribute to achieving the main challenges/development needs in terms of skills development? (2) To what extent are Member States/Managing Authorities adapting ESF implementation to contribute to the New Skills Agenda? Are adjustments possible and made when needs change or new needs emerge? (3) What has been the actual contribution of the ESF to the New Skills Agenda to date in terms of achievements and implemented actions? (4) What are the main criticalities identified and what lessons can be drawn for the remainder of the programming period?