The CBI is the UK’s leading business organisation, speaking for some 190,000 businesses, including over 70 universities and over 30 Colleges, that together employ around a third of the UK’s private sector workforce. We represent businesses of all sizes from all sectors from across the UK. This report explores training, learning, and personal development practices of UK employers, particularly in relation to recent technological and labour market changes. Evidence was gathered through a series of interviews, policy discussions, and events with CBI members and broader stakeholders. The content is a snapshot of business practice, based on sentiment and trends during discussions, rather than a comprehensive picture of all employer upskilling and retraining.