This publication focuses on questions related to: 1. Career concentration: the extent to which young people’s occupational expectations are concentrated in the ten most commonly cited jobs, how they have changed over time and how they vary between different types of learner. 2. Labour market relevance: how young people’s occupational expectations are related to national projections of labour market demand. 3. Job realism: the risk that the jobs young people expect to be pursuing at age 30 will become automated. 4. Career potential: whether occupational expectations reflect the academic potential of students. 5. Career confusion: the extent to which students are misaligned in their educational and occupational expectations. 6. Providing guidance: whether participation in career development activities can be seen to make a difference to career thinking. 7. Career participation: how participation in career development activities has changed over time and varies between different types of learner.