In this report, we have further developed that index to map digitisation in Europe and to compare the digital frontier in European countries to that of the United States. And we have added a new lens—looking at countries’ final consumption of digital services, contrasting those that are building domestic capabilities and those that continue to rely on digital imports. The latter are losing out on potential economic gains from building a domestic base of digital technologies. Today, it is no longer sufficient to be a consumer of digital. To maximise the gains of approaching the digital frontier, countries must also develop the technologies and associated human capital.