Automatisation, numérisation et emploi. Tome 1 : Les impacts sur le volume, la structure et la localisation de l’emploi
Progress in the field of robotics and artificial intelligence, the development of the Internet of Things, processing mass data (big data), the emergence of 3D printing or the heralded revolution today driverless cars fueling concerns about a “jobless future”.
These concerns are not new: every new wave of important innovation, at least since the Renaissance, the fear of technological unemployment linked to the replacement of man by machine resurfaces.
However, history shows that the successive technological advances, including those related to the automation of production, were instead accompanied far a development of employment, even if the nature and the structure of employment have at the same time deeply moved, and their distribution in space.
Technological developments underway, dominated by scanning and marked by a considerable automation potential, they belong to the same logic or by their nature, scope and speed of dissemination, are they likely to have a different impact on employment?
This is why the Council orientation for employment wished refine the diagnosis by conducting a thorough analysis of the impact of these innovations on employment. He sought to appreciate not only the observed effects and the possible volume of employment (in terms of loss but also creations), but also the effects on the employment structure (what are the professions and sectors the most involved? How are they called businesses evolve? What types of skills will in future priority?) and location, both nationally (what could be the most affected employment areas? ) and international (technology could they promote jobs relocation movement in France?). [googletranslate_en]