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Are young postsecondary graduates finding employment related to their studies? Are there opportunities for them to use the skills they have acquired by obtaining bachelor’s degrees? Do women and men fare similarly? And are there differences on these dimensions whether they are ‘science, technology, engineering and mathematics’ (STEM) graduates or ‘business, humanities, health, arts, social science and education’ (BHASE) graduates? Young people and their parents often have such questions in mind when choosing education programs. This document, on the match between what Canadians study and their occupation after graduation, complements another 2016 Census in Brief article, “Is field of study a factor in the earnings of young bachelor’s degree holders?”, which looks at the earnings of young graduates in STEM and BHASE fields of study. To ensure a prosperous future, Canada requires graduates who are prepared to build and maintain a strong social infrastructure in areas such as education, communications, justice and health. Canada also needs graduates who have the scientific and technical skills to move into jobs that will advance the country’s scientific and business innovation agenda.