Policy development for the future of work will be influenced by a wide and interconnected system of technological, social and political trends. This report is part of a series that explores pressing areas of policy concern around these trends. Each report offers an in-depth look at the policy issue and its impact on Canadian businesses and workers, with recommendations and ideas for policymakers as well as a diverse array of other stakeholders including education providers, labour organizations, and public and private service providers.Training for working Canadians is scarce, and the people who most need it are the least able to get it. As global competition and technological change increase, Canada needs to create effective and inclusive systems of training, which are essential for innovation, growth, employment and good incomes. In this report, the author looks at Canada’s strengths and weaknesses, training models from around the world, and suggests improvements to lifelong learning systems.