Technological change has long been a source of anxiety for workers. Today, improvements in communication technology, robotics, and machine intelligence are rekindling age-old concerns that technology will soon force millions of people out of work. This report provides a fresh perspective. Automation is, at its core, an opportunity to harness the power of machines to improve human lives. If we get it right, automation could significantly boost Australia’s productivity and national income – potentially adding up to 2.2 trillion Australian dollars in value to our economy by 2030.