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The study’s emphases were on providing conceptual, empirical, and policy perspectives on the ‘rebalancing’ issue, and offering guidance on what might assist in ‘rebalancing’ the UK economy, particularly from a skills and employment policy perspective. More specifically, the research questions were as follows: • What is the nature and scale of the ‘rebalancing’ challenge in the UK, and its causes? • What has been the rationale for government intervention in the sectoral and spatial structure of the economy, both at home and abroad? • What types of interventions have been employed by governments to influence the sectoral and geographical structure of the economy, particularly in terms of skills and employment interventions? • What works and why? What have been the relevance, effectiveness and impacts of previous policy initiatives in ‘rebalancing’ the economy sectorally and spatially? • What might be done in the UK to create a more (re)balanced economy, help create the new economic circumstances, sectors, products and services on which a successful, sustainable and competitive economy can be built? And what are the implications for, and on, skills policy in supporting this process?