This chapter identifies and discusses opportunities and challenges for labour markets and provides examples of policies and practices that can help achieve an inclusive and employment-intensive green transition. Section 2 provides a systematic overview of how green transformations may affect the quantity and quality of employment. In section 3 we undertake an attempt to define green jobs. Section 4 presents empirical evidence on employment trends in those labour market segments that can be attributed relatively well to green sectors. Section 5 introduces an overview of labour market and social policies that can facilitate a green transition from a social point of view. The conclusion summarizes the key findings of this chapter.