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ASEAN in transformation: How technology is changing jobs and enterprises

We have prepared this working paper to address a sizeable knowledge gap – to assess the impact of emerging technologies on five key manufacturing and services sectors in the ASEAN region. The sectors were chosen because they are significant contributors to growth and employment in the region. In manufacturing, we look at: (1) automotive and auto parts, (2) electrical and electronics, and (3) textile, clothing and footwear. In services, we review: (4) business process outsourcing, and (5) retail. Throughout the report, major technological trends permeating and transforming each sector are identified and the implications for enterprises and the workforce over a ten-year time period are analysed.