This report is a follow-up to the CCC-sponsored roadmap that was published in May 2009 and presented
to the Congressional Caucus on Robotics on May 21, 2009. That roadmap subsequently led to the creation of the National Robotics Initiative (NRI), which is jointly sponsored by NSF, USDA, NASA, and NIH. The NRI was launched in 2011. The present roadmap is an update to the former document in the areas of manufacturing, healthcare/medical, and service robotics. In recognition of the important role that space, and defense robotics has both to R&D but also as early adopters, new chapters were added for those areas. These new sections should primarily be seen as identifying areas with dual and multiple-use potential for multi-domain coordination. As such, the space and defense sections are complementary to independent roadmaps developed by agencies within those domains. The update of the roadmap has been organized by the Robotics Virtual Organization.